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lws2_2001.txt.4672
laws2001

" . . . . 45.033-99"
(. , 06.08.2001 5676)

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., "", 2001











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45.033-99



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3. 06.08.2001 5676.
4. , 25.06.85 348.
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65 - 10 lg -

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7,0 ,
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65 - 10 lg -
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15 ,
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1 2 3 4
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1.

1.1. -
, 0,04 - 15,0
1.2. -
-
""
1,0 ,
-9,0 ,
-
6,0 -
"-
-9,0 1" " 2"
-

,
0

15

0
1.3. -

,
-
15
-
0
1.4. -
-
, 600


, , 20
1.5. -
-
, ,

-
20
-
600
1.6. -

-
, , 46

2. ,


2.1. - -
- -
- .
1,0
, , -
: -
0,04 - 0,125 (0,17 - -0,5)
0,125 - 10,0 +/- 0,17
10,0 - 15,0 (0,17 - -0,5) . -



.

-

.


=
1
2.2. -
, ʦ
-
,
:
0,125 . __
, %, 0,5 \/ -
, , 46 - 10 lg -
0,125 __
, %, 0,3 \/
, , 50 - 10 lg
2.3. - -
-
, %, - __ 1060
0,3 \/
-
, , 50 - 10 lg
2.4.

,
,


. 468 - 66 - 10 lg


. .53 - 75 - 10 lg
2.5.


-
, , 74 -
2.6.

-
-
,
50 (
150 ), , 51 - 10 lg -
2.7. -

-
1,0 -
,
, __
+/- 0,3 \/ -
- _
- +/- 0,3 \/N
2.8. -
-
1060

6
6
( -
- __
), 12 +/- 0,3 \/ -
2.9. S - -

- -
, , 82 + S -
-
. 468
-
2.10.




, , -

:
0,04 5 -
0,075 2 -
14,0 1 -
15,0 3 -
2.11.



( -
) -

. 468 -, ,
53 - 10 lg -
2.12.
-
-
,
,
45 - 10 lg -
65 - 10 lg -

3. ,


3.1.

1() 2(), ,

:
0,04 - 0,125 0,5
0,125 - 10,0 0,3
10,0 - 15,0 0,5
3.2.

1() 2(), .,

:
0,04 - 0,2 10
0,2 - 4,0 5
4,0 - 15,0 10
3.3.



1() 2(), ,
74 -
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


8

6,4 ,
-480

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. -
, 0,05 - 6,4
1.2. -
-
""
1,0 , .
-9,0 .
-
6,0

-9,0 " 1" " 2"
. -

,
0

15

0
1.3. -

,
-
15
-
0
1.4. -
-
, 600


, , 20
1.5. -
-
, ,

-
20
-
600
1.6. -

-
, , 46

2. ,


2.1. - -
- -
- .
1,0
, , -
: -
0,05 - 0,1 (0,5 - -1,0)
0,1 - 5,0 +/- 0,5
5,0 - 6,4 (0,5 - -1,0) . -



.

-

.


=
1
2.2. -
, ʦ
-
,
:
- 0,1 . __
, %, 0,7 \/ -
, , 43 - 10 lg -

- 0,1 __
, %, 0,5 \/
, , 46 - 10 lg
2.3. - -
-
, %, - __ 1060
0,5 \/
-
, , 46 - 10 lg
2.4.

,
,


. 468 - 66 - 10 lg


. .53 - 75 - 10 lg
2.5.


-
, , 74 -
2.6.

-
-
,
50 (
150 ), , 50 - 10 lg -
2.7. -


1,0 ,
, __
+/- 0,3 \/ -
- _
- +/- 0,3 \/N
2.8. -
-
1060

6
6
( -
- __
), 12 +/- 0,3 \/
2.9. S - -

- -
, , 82 + S -
-
. 468
-
2.10.




, , -

:
0,05 5 -
0,1 2 -
6,4 0,5 -
2.11.



( -
) -

. 468 -, ,
51 - 10 lg -
2.12.
-
-
,
,
45 - 10 lg -
65 - 10 lg -
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


9

10
, -30

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. -
, 0,05 - 10,0
1.2. -


1,0 ,
-9,0
6,0


,
0
15
1.3. -

, 15
1.4. -
-
, 600
1.5. -
-
, ,
30
1.6. -

-
, , 43

2. ,


2.1.
-
-
1,0
, ,
:
0,05 - 0,1 0,7 - -1,5
0,2 - 6,0 +/- 0,7
8,5 - 10,0 0,7 - -1,5
2.2. -
, ʦ
-
,
:
- 0,1 .
, %, 1,7 -
, , 35 -
- 0,1
, %, 1,2
, , 38
2.3.

,
,


. 468 - 51


. .53 - 60
2.4.


-
, , 65 -
2.5.

-
-
,
50 (
150 ), , 50 -
2.6. -

-
1,0 -
,
,
+/- 0,3 -
-
- +/- 0,3
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


10

6,4
, -12, -15

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. -
, 0,1 - 6,4
1.2. - , -

-12, -
1,0 , " ."
-9,0 037.
-9,0 , -

-15, -
, "", -
0
0 "14"
.
, -

-12, -
" ."
037.
, -

-15, -
"", -

"14"

1.3. -

, 0
1.4. -
-
, 600
1.5. -
-
, ,
30
1.6. -

-
, , 43

2. ,


2.1.
-
-
1,0
, ,
:
0,1 - 0,15 1,8 - -4,5
0,15 - 0,2 1,8 - -2,6
0,2 - 5,0 +/- 1,8
5,0 - 6,0 1,8 - -2,6
6,0 - 6,4 1,8 - -4,5
2.2. -
, ʦ
-
,
:
- 0,2 .
, %, 3,0 -
, , 3,0 -
- 0,2
, %, 2,0
, , 34
2.3.

,
,


. 468 - 42


. .53 - 51
2.4.


-
, ,
:
- 0,3 . 56 -
- 0,3 61 -
2.5. -

-
1,0 -
,
,
- +/- 1,7 -
- -
- +/- 1,7
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


11


15 10 ,
+ , - + -

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. - 0,04 - 15,0
, 0,05 - 10,0
1.2. - , -

- +
1,0 , -, -
-9,0 -

6,0 -, -.
-9,0 , -

+ ,
, "" -
0 -
.
15 , -
0
+ ,
""

.
, -

- +
-, -
-
-
-, ˦

1.3. -

, 0
1.4. -
-
, 600


, , 20
1.5. -
- -

, , 20 , -, -



2. ,


2.1.
-
-
1,0
, ,
15
:
0,04 - 0,045 0,5 - -1,0
0,045 - 10,0 0,5 - -0,5
10,0 - 15,0 0,5 - -1,0
10
:
0,05 - 0,075 0,5 - -1,0
0,075 - 6,6 0,5 - -0,5
6,6 - 10,0 0,5 - -1,0
2.2. -
,
%,
0,1
. 1,0 -

0,1 0,5
2.3. -
-
-

. .53 -, ,
0,5
2.4.





. 468 - 55


. .53 - 64
2.5.


-
, , 80 -
2.6. -

-
1,0 -
,
,
+/- 1,0 -
-
- +/- 1,0

3. ,


3.1.
1() 2() -

1() 2(), ,

:
0,04 - 0,125 0,5
0,125 - 10,0 0,3
10,0 - 15,0 0,5
3.2.


1() 2(), .,

:
0,04 - 0,2 15
8
0,2 - 4,0 8
4,0 - 15,0 8
15
3.3.




1() 2(), ,
65 60
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


12


10 ,

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. -
, 0,5 - 10,0
1.2. - , -

, -
1,0 , "" -
-9,0
6,0 .
-
""
, -
0
15
1.3. -

, 15
1.4. -
-
, 600


, , 20
1.5.
-
-
, -
,
-
-
-

-
, 2,5

2. ,


2.1.
-
-
1,0
, ,
:
0,05 - 0,1 1,0 - -2,0
0,1 - 0,2 1,0 - -1,5
0,2 - 6,0 1,0 - -1,0
8,5 - 10,0 1,0 - -2,0
2.2. -
,
%,
0,1
. 1,0

0,1 0,5
2.3. -
-
-

. .53 -, ,

) ,
-
4,4
) ,
-
6,2
2.4.

,
,
) , -
-
:
-
.
468 - 51
-
.
.53 - 60
) ,
-
:
-
.
468 - 48
-
.
.53 - 57
2.5.


-
, , 66 -
2.6.

-
-
,
50 (
150 ), , 45 -
2.7. -

-
1,0 -
,
,
+/- 1,0 -
-
- +/- 1,0
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


13


,

   ----------------------T--------------------T---------------------

-
+---------T----------+
--

+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1 2 3 4
+---------------------+---------+----------+---------------------+
1.

1.1. -
, 0,04 - 15,0
1.2. - -

-
1,0 , 20-
-9,0

600 -9,0 .
-
150 6,0
-
18-
, ()
0 .
-
600 0
-
150 15 64-


.
-

-
12-
(-
)
1.3. -

,
600 0
150 15
1.4. -
-
, 600


, , 30
1.5. -

-
, , 46
1.6. -
-
, ,
10

2. ,


2.1.
-
-
1,0
,
:
0,04 - 0,125
0,2 - -0,3
+/- 0,3
0,125 - 10,0
+/- 0,3
+/- 0,3
10,0 - 15,0
0,2 - -0,3
+/- 0,3
2.2. -
,
%,
0,125
. 0,4 -

0,125 0,2
2.3.

,
,


. 468 - 80


. .53 - 89
2.4.


-
, ,
80 -
87 -

3. ,


3.1.

1() 2(), ,
0,2
3.2.

1() 2(), .,

:
0,04 - 0,125 3
0,125 - 10,0 2
10,0 - 15,0 3
3.3.



1() 2(), ,

80
87
L---------------------+--------------------+----------------------


7.

7.1. 15150.
7.2. .
, .
, , . .
7.3. , .
7.7 .
, , (f = 1,0 , L = -4 ).
7.4. (600 +/- 30) .
7.5. 1,0 (1,1 - ), 21 . , , 0 .
, , 14.

14

   ----------------T--------T---------T--------T----------T---------

MSt 15, 2/3 2/3 ,
SPKR-15,( - ( --6/12,
-2 -- -480,
) ) -30,
-12,
-15
+---------------+--------+---------+--------+----------+---------+
- . . - . .
. . - . -
- - . - -
L---------------+--------+---------+--------+----------+----------


7.6.
1060
MSt 15 SPKR-15
1060 "6 ".
MSt 15 S S -421,
1 2
SPKR-15 W 1041
40 .
1060 -480 1060 "3 ". -480 ( 15 ) . ( 6,4 ) 6 .
7.7. .
1000 21 .
() .
.
() L, , :

U

L = L - L = 20 lg-----, (1)
U


:
L (U ) - () ()

;
L (U ) - ()

().
7.8. - .
21 . , , 15 .
0,3 , +/- 0,2 .
:
40, 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 8000, 10000 15000 - 15 ;
50, 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 5000, 6400, 7000 - 6,4 (7 );
50, 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 5000, 7000, 8000 10000 - 10 .
2,5%.
7.7 .
:
1% - 15 ;
2,5% - 10; 7 6,4 .
, , 15.

15

   ----------------T----------T---------T--------T----------T-------

<*>, 2/3 2/3 -6/12,
MSt 15, ( - ( - -480,
SPKR-15, -- -30,
-2 ) ) -12,
-15
+---------------+----------+---------+--------+----------+-------+
- . . - . .
. . - . -
- - . - -
L---------------+----------+---------+--------+----------+--------


   --------------------------------

<*> .

-
L , , 1,0 :
fi

U
f
i
L = L - L = 20 lg----, (2)
f f 1,0 U
i i 1,0

:
L (U ) - () ()
f f
i i
;
L (U ) - () ()
1,0 1,0
1,0 .
7.9. .
+/- 0,2 . 5 .
0,3 .
. .

() - L (U )
1 1
- L (U ) L (U ).
2 2 3 3

, , :
2 3

= L - L ; = L - L . (3)
2 1 2 3 1 3


, , %, :
2 3

100 100
= ---------; = ---------. (4)
2 0,05 3 0,05
2 3
10 10

, %,

:

________
/2 2 (5)
= \/ + .
2 3

,
, %,

:

________
/2 2
\/U + U
2 3
= ----------- 100. (6)
U
1

:
40, 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000 4000 - 15 ;
63, 125, 250, 500, 1000 2000 - 10; 7 6,4 .
- , , MSt 15, SPKR-15 -2, 2000 4000 3 .
, , 16.

16

   ----------------T--------T---------T----------T------------T-----

, 2/3 ( 2/3 ( -6/12, ¦
MSt 15, - - -480,
SPKR-15,-- -30,
-2 ) ) -12,
-15
+---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+-----+
- . . - . .
. . - . -
- - . - -
L---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+------


1000 ( , 6/12 -480, - 2,1 ) .
7.10. .

[4]
f = 0,8 f = 1,42
1 2
6
(1200 +/- 60) .
2f - f
1 2
0,18 .
.
.
, %,
..
:

U x 100
..
K = -----------, (7)
.. U



:
U - () ;
..
U - ()

.
, , :
..

= L - L , (8)
.. ..

:
L - () ;
p.m.
L - ()

.
10%.
7.11. .
, [2] [3].
(600 +/- 30) .
, , 17.

17

   ----------------T--------T---------T----------T------------T-----

, 2/3 ( 2/3 ( -6/12, ¦
MSt 15,- - -480,
SPKR-15,-- -30,
-2 ) ) -12,
-15
+---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+-----+
- . . - . .
. . - . -
- - - -
.
.
L---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+------


, , 2/3, 11 , , 3,5 .
,
..
, :

U

= L - L = 20 lg------, (9)
.. .. U
..

:
L (U ) - ()

() ;
L (U ) - () ()
.. ..
.
- .

7.12. .
, 1() 2() , :
180, 1600 9000 - 15 10 ;
180, 1600 6000 - 7 6,4 .
. , , (600 +/- 30) . 5 . , , . +/- 10%.
, , 18.

18

   ----------------T--------T---------T----------T------------T-----

, 2/3 ( 2/3 ( -6/12, ¦
MSt 15,- - -480,
SPKR-15,-- -30,
-2 ) ) -12,
-15
+---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+-----+
- . . - . .
. . - . -
- - . - -
L---------------+--------+---------+----------+------------+------


, , 2/3, 20 17 , .

, , :


U

= L - L = 20 lg-----, (10)
U


:
L (U ) - ()

() ;
L (U ) - () () .

7.13. .
(1000 +/- 5) . (1000 +/- 50) , (1000 +/- 100) , (1000 +/- 150) . .
+/- 10%. 5 .

, , :


U

= L - L = 20 lg-----, (11)
U


:
L (U ) - ()

() 1,0 ;
L (U ) - () ()

.
7.14. .
( ) 1000 21 .
() .
. .
.
. .
+/- 10%.
7.15. .
15 , , MSt 15, SPKR-15, 6/12 -480, 1060.
10 6,4 , 2/3 , 1,0 , 40 .
:
0, -5, -10, -21, -25, -30, -35 -40 .
.
6,4 , 2/3 , 0,8 6,0 . 2.8 4.
.
(). +/- 10%.
5 .
7.16. .
,

,
32 .
(600 +/- 30) .
.
+/- 10%.
,

, :

U

= L - L = 20 lg-----, (12)
U


:
L (U ) - ()

() ;
L (U ) - () () .

.
7.17. .
1,0 9 .
.
.
t , ,

:



t = ------------ = ------------- = ------------, (13)
2 f 360 f


- ,

f.
7.18. .
1,0 (0,8) 21 . - 0,1 , .
.
7.19. 1() 2(), .
1() 2(),
, .
- 1()
2() 7.8 L
f (1,2)
i
:

L = L - L , (14)
f (1,2) f (1) f (2)
i i i

:
L - 1() f ;
f (1) i
i
L - 2() f .
f (1) i
i
7.20. 1() 2(), .
1() 2(), , 21 .
:
40, 63, 125, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 8000, 10000 15000 .
.
+/- 10%.
7.21. .
60 .
.
.
+/- 10%.
,
.
, :

= L - L , (15)
. .

:
L - ()

;
L - () .
.
7.22. .


0 (0,775
) f .


f :


f = f - n f , (16)
d c

:
f - ;
d
n = 2; 3.
f f 19.


19

   ---------------------T-------------------------------------------

,
+--------------------T----------------------+
n = 2 n = 3
+---------T----------+-----------T----------+
f f f f

+--------------------+---------+----------+-----------+----------+
0,04 - 15,0 9 14 7 11
13 6 11 1

0,05 - 7,0 5 6 3 7
7 2 5 1
L--------------------+---------+----------+-----------+-----------


.
(600 +/- 30)
L f
fc
L f .
f

.

:

= L - L . (17)
. fc f

7.23. .


0 (0,775
) f .
.

f , , :


f = n f - f , (18)
d c.

:
f - ;
d
n = 1; 2.
f f
.
20.

20

   ---------------------T-------------------------------------------

,
+--------------------T----------------------+
n = 1 n = 2
+---------T----------+-----------T----------+
f f f f
. c.
+--------------------+---------+----------+-----------+----------+
0,04 - 15,0 31 1 63 1
33 1 65 1

0,05 - 7,0 15 1 31 1
17 1 33 1
L--------------------+---------+----------+-----------+-----------


.
, (600 +/- 30) ,
L f
fc. .
L f
f
.
, , ,
.


:

= L - L . (19)
. fc. f

8. ,


8.1. , , , . , , , .
8.2. , , .
8.3. :
- , ;
- ;
- .
8.4. , :
- , ;
- ;
- .
() ().
8.5. , , [8].
8.6. , .






()



__________________-0-1()
( )


___________________________
(, )
___________________________
( )
___________________________
(, )

"__" ______________ .



15

() ________________________________
( )

(, )


,

______________________
(, )

________________-0-2()
( )


15

   ------------------------------------T----------------------------



+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............0 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
-15-1 ()
. MSt 15-1 ()
SPKR-15-1 ()
6/12-1 ()
-480-1 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
- ..............-2 ()

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
. ...............-3 ()

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-4 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-5 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-6 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-7 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-8 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-9 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
-15-10 ()
MSt 15-10 ()
SPKR-15-10 A(B)
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-11 ()
-480-11 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-12 ()
-480-12 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-13 ()
-480-13 ()
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
,


- ..............-14 /

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
- ..............-15 /

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-16 /

L-----------------------------------+-----------------------------


________________-0-3 ()
( )



1. .
2. ( , , , , , ).
3. , , , .
4. ( , ).
5. .
6. .

-15-1 ()

.


   ------------------------T----------------T---------------T-------T--------------

L , L, -
-
+-----T----------+-----T---------+-
- - -
- -

- -

+-----T-----------------+-----+----------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+
- "15" 1) L = L
:
". 0 " -21 +/- - 12 = -21
(..") 0,2 2)
".." -43,5 +/- -54 +/-
0,2 0,2 -
".." -35 +/- -45,5 +/- -
0,5 0,5 L + 12
"15"
: -52 +/- -62,5 +/-
".." 0,5 0,5 3) -
+-----+-----------------+-----+----------+-----+---------+ -
""
: " 168" -20 +/- -
0,2
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,2
". 82" -20 +/-
0,2 -
" 16,8" -40 +/-
0,2 -
""
:
".." -39 +/- -49,5 +/-
1,0 1,0
". 15"
:
"..." -42 +/- -42,5 +/-
0,2 1,0
".." -35 +/- -45,5 +/-
0,3 0,3
"." -43 +/- -
0,5
". 15"
: ". 0 -21 +/- -
" 0,3
". 15 " -6 +/- 0,3 -
". 15"
: " 168" -20 +/- -
0,3
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,3
" 16,8" -20 +/- -
0,3
". 15"
: "0 0 +/- 0,3 -
"
"-20 " -20 +/- -
0,5
+-----+-----------------+-----+----------+-----+---------+-------+
, 7.5
L----------------------------------------------------------------+---------------


MSt 15-1 ()



   ------------------------T----------------T---------T---------T--------------------

L , -
-
+-----T----------+- -
-
-

-

+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+--------------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12 =
-
-21
- 2) -
S 42023-A
402-1
"--->" ("1") -9,0 +/- - L + 12
0,2
3) - -
-408,
"-12 dBur" -12 +/-
5) 4)
0,2 -
-
-424, -
"4-30,5 dBur" -30,5 +/- -"-
0,2 , -
- -
,
" " ("4") -36,5 +/- -"- 5)
\/ 0,2
421
- S S -
1 2
26,2
,
S42024-A407-A1, 6)
" " -36,5 +/-
\/ 0,2 7)
-
, 6)
" " ("5") 4) +/- 0,2135 -
\/ 6)
4) +/- 0,2150

- 7)
+/- 0,5 -

- 7)
+/- 0,5 -


-

450, " "
\/
6)
4) +/- 0,5135
6)
4) +/- 0,5150

-


S 42024
-A407-A1,
" /\" ("5") 4) +/- 0,5-
...
4) +/- 0,5


, -36,5 +/- -"-
"/\ " 0,5
...

-

-
S42024-A403-
A1, "/\ "
...
("4")
-
, -36,5 +/- -"-
"/\ " ("2") 0,5
...
-6,0 +/-
0,2 600
+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


MSt 15-1 ()



   --------------------------------T----------------T---------T---------T------------

L, -
+-----T----------+ -
- - -
-

-

+--------T----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+------------+
"16,8 "

0 +/- 0,2 -

"-30,5 dBur"
-
( 424) 95,5 -59,5 +/- -
0,2
+--------+----------------------+-----+----------+---------+
"0 dBur" -
-
( 425) 0 +/- 0,1 -

"/\"


-
( 445). -
-
225 +/- 30-

+--------+----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L--------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------


SPKR-15-1 ()



   ------------------------T----------------T---------T---------T--------------------

L , -
-
+-----T----------+- -
-
-

-

+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+--------------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12 =
-
-21
- 2) -
,
"S2W1" -9,0 +/- -
0,2 L + 12
,
W1041, "-10 dBu" 3) - -

-10,0 +/-
5) 4)
0,1 -
- -
, -
"S1Wy1" -36,5 +/- -"-
0,1 , -
, -
F861, "-20 dBu"
5) W1041
-20,0 +/- -"- -
0,5
25
- 6)

7)
, -
"S1W1" -36,5 +/- -"-
0,1 -

, 6)
"S1Wy1" 4) +/- 0,1135
6)
4) +/- 0,1150


- 7)
+/- 0,5 -

- 7)
+/- 0,5 -




, 6)
"S1Wy2" 4) +/- 0,1135
6)
4) +/- 0,1160


-


,
"S1We" 4) +/- 0,5-
4) +/- 0,5

,
"S1WyA" -36,5 +/-
0,1

-

-
, "S1We" - 36,5 +/- -"-
0,1
-
,
"S2Wy" 6,0 +/-
0,2 600
+-----------------------+-----+----------+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


SPKR-15-1 A()



   --------------------------------T---------------T---------T---------T------

L, - -
+-----T---------+ -
- - -
-

-

+--------T----------------------+-----+---------+---------+---------+------+
"16,8 "
-

-
0 +/- 0,1-

"-20 dBu" -49 +/-
F 861 0,5
+--------+----------------------+-----+---------+---------+
"-8 dBu"
W 1011 -37 +/- -
0,1
+--------+----------------------+-----+---------+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L-------------------------------------------------------------------+-------


6/12-1 ()



   --------------------------------T-----------T---------T---------T--------------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+- -
-
-

-

+--------T----------------------+-----+-----+---------+---------+--------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12 =

"" -21 ,
-9,0 - f = 1,1
2) -
+--------+----------------------+-----+-----+---------+
- L + 12
, Ǧ
:
" 0 " -9,0 - 3) - -

" 15 " 6,0 -

+--------+----------------------+-----+-----+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L---------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


-480-1 ()



   --------------------------------T-----------T---------T---------T--------------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+- -
-
-

-

+--------T----------------------+-----+-----+---------+---------+--------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12 =
,
"" -21 (f = 1,1 )
+--------+----------------------+-----+-----+---------+ 2) -
-
, L + 12

: 3) - -
" 1"
" 3"

+--------+----------------------+-----+-----+---------+---------+
, 7.5
L---------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


____________________-2 ()
( )

-

   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T----------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+----------------+
1) L = L -

L , 12 = -21
f 2) - -
i

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+ 3) -

L , -
f
i
9,0
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.8
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------


___________________-3 ()
( )



   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T----------T---------------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----------+---------------------+
1) L = L + 9 =
,
% 0
2) -
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+
, % 3)
6/12 -480 -ʦ

4)
+
, %,

:
______
/2 2
/U + U
\/ 2 3
= ---------- 100
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----------+ U
, 7.9 1
L--------------------------------------------------------------+----------------------




   -----------------------T-------T---------------T-----------------

, -

+----------------------+-------+---------------+-----------------+
, % - -
+----------------------+-------+
, %
+----------------------+-------+---------------+
, 7.10
L----------------------------------------------+------------------


_________________-4 ()
( )

   -----------------------T------------------T----------------------



+---------------T------+------------------+----------------------+
1) = L - L
L ,
2) -
+---------------+------+ -

,

+---------------+------+
,

+---------------+------+------------------+
, 7.11
L-----------------------------------------+-----------------------


__________________-5 ()
( )



   ---------------T----T---T---T----------T-------------------------

0,181,69,0 -
,

+--------------+----+---+---+----------+-------------------------+
1) L = L + 9 =
L ,
0
2) -
+--------------+----+---+---+

,


+--------------+----+---+---+ 3) = L - L
,
4) -
+--------------+----+---+---+----------+
, 7.12
L--------------------------------------+--------------------------


_________________-6 ()
( )



   -------------T----T----T----T----T----T----T----------T--------------------

- 110011001100110011001100 -
,+150+100+50 -50 -100-150

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----------+--------------------+
1) L = L + 9

L , = 0
2) = L - L
+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+
3) - -

,

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+
,


+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----------+
, 7.13
L-----------------------------------------------------+---------------------


_________________-7 ()
( )



   ------------------T--------T-----------T-----------T------------------

- -
-

+-----------------+--------+-----------+-----------+------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12
,
+-----------------+--------+-----------+ = -21
, 2) - -
+-----------------+--------+-----------+-----------+
, 7.14
L--------------------------------------------------+-------------------


_________________-8 ()
( )



   -------------------T------------------T---------------T----------

- -6 6 -
-

+------------------+------------------+---------------+----------+
-
-
,
+------------------+------------------+
,
+------------------+------------------+---------------+
, 7.15
L-----------------------------------------------------+-----------


_________________-9 ()
( )



   ------------------------T---------------T------------------------

-

+-----------------T-----+---------------+------------------------+
1) = L - L
L ,
2) -
+-----------------+-----+
-
,

+-----------------+-----+
,

+-----------------+-----+---------------+
, 7.16
L---------------------------------------+-------------------------


-15-10 ()
MSt 15-10 ()
SPKR-15-10 ()



   ---------------------------T---------------T---------------------

-

+---------------T----------+---------------+---------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12 =
,
+---------------+----------+ -21
, 2) -
+---------------+----------+---------------+
, 7.18
L------------------------------------------+----------------------


6/12-11 ()
-480-11 ()



   --------------------------T---------------T----------------------

-

+---------------T---------+---------------+----------------------+
- 1) L = L + 9 = 0
L ,
.
+---------------+---------+ 2) = L -
- .
, L
. .
+---------------+---------+ 3) -
,
.
+---------------+---------+---------------+
, 7.21
L-----------------------------------------+-----------------------


6/12-12 ()
-480-12 ()



   ----------------T-----------T-----------T-----------T-----------T-----------T--------------

7 9 11 14 -

, f ,
c
+---------------+----T------+----T------+----T------+----T------+
f f f f f f f f
-
, +----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+-----------+--------------+
7 11 9 13 11 1 14 6 1) L = 0
+---------------+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+
-L L L L L L L L 2) =
, fc f fc f fc f fc f .
+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+ L - L
f f
+---------------+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+
-
,
.

+---------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
,
.

+---------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+
, 7.22
L---------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------


6/12-13 ()
480-13 ()



   ----------------T---------------T---------------T---------------T---------------T-----------T--------------

31 33 63 65 -

, f ,
c.

+---------------+--------T------+--------T------+--------T------+--------T------+
f f f f f f f f
- . . . .
, +--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+-----------+--------------+
31 1 33 1 63 1 65 1 1) L = 0
+---------------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+
-L L L L L L L L 2) =
, f. f f. f f. f f. f .
+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+ L -
f.
+---------------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+ L
- f
,
.

+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+-----------+
,
.

+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+-----------+
, 7.23
L-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------


,


_________________-14 ()
( )

-


   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T--------------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12 =

L , -21
f (1,2) 2) - -
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+

L ,
f (1,2)
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.19
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


_________________-15 ()
( )

-


   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T--------------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12 =
,
. -21
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+ 2) - -
,
.
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.20
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


_________________-16 ()
( )



   ----------------T----T-----T-----T----------T--------------------

180 1600 9000 -
,

+---------------+----+-----+-----+----------+--------------------+
- 1) = L - L
L ,
2) - -
-
:

+---------------+----+-----+-----+
-
,

+---------------+----+-----+-----+
,

+---------------+----+-----+-----+----------+
, 7.12
L-------------------------------------------+---------------------




__________________-0-1
( )


___________________________
(, )
___________________________
( )
___________________________
(, )

"__" ______________ .




10; 7 6,4

__________________________________________
( )




,

______________________
(, )

________________-0-2
( )



10; 7 6,4

   ------------------------------------T----------------------------



+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-0-3
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
2/3-1(, , , , )
. -7-1
6/12-1
-480-1
-30-1
-12-1
-15-1
-2-1
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
- ..............-2

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
. ...............-3

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-4
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-5
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-6
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
..............-7
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
-7-8
-480-8
2/3-8
-2-8
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
2/3-8
,

+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
-7-9
6/12-9
-480-9
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
-7-10
2/3-10
-2-10
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-11
-480-11
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-12
-480-12
+-----------------------------------+----------------------------+
6/12-13
-480-13
L-----------------------------------+-----------------------------


________________-0-3
( )



1. .
2. ( , , , , , ).
3. , , , .
4. ( , ).
5. .
6. .

2/3-1()


10 6,4

   ------------------T---------------T--------T-----T---------------

L ,
-
+-----T---------+--
- -
-
-
-

+-----------------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----T-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
- -19 +/- - 1) L = L -
2,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 12 = -21
3) (f = 1,0 )
-41 +/- 135 -
- 0,5 -
-
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- - L + 12
0,5
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 2) -
- -27 +/- - ,
0,7
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3) 3) -
-41 +/- 135
- 0,7

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- -
0,7
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- -27 +/- -
1,4
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3)
-41 +/- 135
- 1,4

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- -
1,4
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-47 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-41 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-47 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-41 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-47 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-41 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-27 +/- 135 /
" " 2,0 -

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-15 +/- -
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-10 +/- -
0,5
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-2
-1 6 +/- 0,5600
-2 -9 +/- 600
1,0
-3 -9 +/- 600
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+



+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


2/3-1()


6,4 ( )

   ------------------T---------------T--------T-----T---------------

L ,
-
+-----T---------+--
- -
-
-
-

+-----------------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----T-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
- -19 +/- - 1) L = L -
2,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 12 = -21
3) (f = 1,0 )
-45 +/- 135 -
- 0,5 -
-
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-54 +/- - L + 12
0,5
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 2) -
- -31 +/- - ,
0,7
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3) 3) -
-45 +/- 135
- 0,7

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-54 +/- -
0,7
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- -31 +/- -
1,4
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3)
-45 +/- 135
- 1,4

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-54 +/- -
1,4
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-51 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-45 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-51 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-45 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-51 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-45 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-31 +/- 135 /
" " 2,0 -

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-15 +/- -
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-10 +/- -
0,5
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-2
-1 6 +/- 0,5600
-2 -9 +/- 600
1,0
-3 -9 +/- 600
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+



+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


2/3-1()


6,4

   ------------------T---------------T--------T-----T---------------

L ,
-
+-----T---------+--
- -
-
-
-

+-----------------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----T-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
- -19 +/- - 1) L = L -
2,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 9 = 0
3) -
-41 +/- 135 -
- 0,5 -

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ L - 9
-58 +/- -
0,5 2) -
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- -35 +/- -
0,7 3) -
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3)
-49 +/- 135
- 0,7

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-58 +/- -
0,7
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- -35 +/- -
1,4
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3)
-49 +/- 135
- 1,4

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-58 +/- -
1,4
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-55 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-49 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-55 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-49 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-55 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-49 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-35 +/- 135 /
" " 2,0 -

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-15 +/- -
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-10 +/- -
0,5
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-2
-1 6 +/- 0,5600
-2 -9 +/- 600
1,0
-3 -9 +/- 600
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+



+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


2/3-1()


10


   ------------------T---------------T--------T-----T---------------

L ,
-
+-----T---------+--
- -
-
-
-

+-----------------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6
+-----T-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+---------------+
- -27 +/- - 1) L = L -
2,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 12 = -21
3) (f = 1,0 )
-44 +/- 135 -
- 0,5 -
-
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-53 +/- - L + 12
0,5
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+ 2) -
- -30 +/- - ,
0,7
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3) 3) -
-44 +/- 135
- 0,7

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-53 +/- -
0,7
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- -30 +/- -
1,4
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
3)
-44 +/- 135
- 1,4

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-53 +/- -
1,4
+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-44 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-44 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
- - -
-
- +-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-50 +/- 135
- 1,5

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-44 +/- -
- 1,5

+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-30 +/- 135 /
" " 2,0 -

+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-23 +/- -
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-10 +/- -
0,5
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+
-2
-1 6 +/- 0,5600
-2 -9 +/- 600
1,0
-3 -9 +/- 600
1,0
+-----------+-----+---------+--------+



+-----+-----------+-----+---------+--------+-----+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


2/3-1()



   ------------------T----------------T---------T-----T-------------

L
-
+-----T----------+- -
- -
-
-
-

+-----T-----------+-----+----------+---------+-----+-------------+
2)
- +/- 0,5 135 ; 1) L =
2)
- 150 L - 25,2

+-----+-----------+-----+----------+---------+ = -34,2
-7,7 +/- 2) -
".." 0,5 -
( -
IV-6
""

)
+-----+-----------+-----+----------+---------+-----+
, 7.5; 7.7
L--------------------------------------------------+--------------


-7-1

.


   ------------------------T---------------T---------------T-------T--------------

L , L, -
-
+-----T---------+-----T---------+-
- - -
- -

- -

+-----T-----------------+-----+---------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
+-----+-----------------+-----+---------+-----+---------+-------+--------------+
- "7" 1) L = L
:
". 0 " -21 +/- - - 12 = -21
(..") 0,2 2)
".." -43,5 +/- -54 +/-
0,2 0,2 -
".." -38 +/- -45,5 +/- -
0,5 0,5 L + 12
"7"
:
".." -52 +/- -62,5 +/- 3) -
0,5 0,5
+-----+-----------------+-----+---------+-----+---------+
""
:
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,2
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,2
". 82" -20 +/- -
0,2
" 16,8" -40 +/- -
0,2
""
:
".." -42 +/- -49,5 +/-
1,0 1,0
". 7"
:
"...." -42 +/- -42,5 +/-
0,2 1,0
".." -35 +/- -45,5 +/-
0,3 0,3
"." -43 +/- -
0,5
".7"
:
". 0 " -21 +/- -
0,3
". 7 " -6 +/- -
0,3
" . 7"
:
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,3
" 168" -20 +/- -
0,3
" 16,8" -20 +/- -
0,3
". 7"
:
"0 " 0 +/- 0,3 -

"-20 " -20 +/- -
0,5
+-----+-----------------+-----+---------+-----+---------+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L---------------------------------------------------------------+---------------


6/12-1

.


   -----------------------------T-----------T-------T---------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+-
- -
-

-

+-----T----------------------+-----+-----+-------+---------------+
- - 1) L = L -
,
"" -9,0 12 = 21
(f = 1,0 )
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+ 2)
-
-
: " 0 " -9,0 L +
" 15 " 6,0
12
3) - -

+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


-480-1



   -----------------------------T-----------T-------T---------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+-
- -
-

-

+-----T----------------------+-----+-----+-------+---------------+
- - 1) L = L -
,
"" 12 = 21
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+ (f = 1,0 )
- 2)
,

" 1" 6,0 -
" 2" -9,0 L +

12
3) - -
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


-30-1



   -----------------------------T-----------T-------T---------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+-
- -
-

-

+-----T----------------------+-----+-----+-------+---------------+
- - -9,0 1) L = L -

12 = 21
(f = 1,0 )
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+ 2)
- 6,0

- -
L +

12
3) - -
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


-12-1; -15-1



   -----------------------------T-----------T-------T---------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+-
- -
-

-

+-----T----------------------+-----+-----+-------+---------------+
- - 1) L = L -
,
-12, 037, 12 = 21
" ." -9,0 (f = 1,0 )
-15, "" -9,0 2)
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+
-
, -
-12, 037, L +
" ." -9,0
-15, "" -9,0 12
3) - -
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


-2-1



   -----------------------------T-----------T-------T---------------

L , -
-
+-----T-----+-
- -
-

-

+-----T----------------------+-----+-----+-------+---------------+
- - 1) L = L -
,
-, -9,0 12 = 21
"." (f = 1,0 )
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+ 2)
-
,
-2, -
".": L +
" 1" 6,0
" 2" -9,0 12
3) - -
+-----+----------------------+-----+-----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L------------------------------------------------+----------------


________________-2
( )

-

   ----------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T---T---T---T----T-------T--------------------

0,050,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,05,06,47,08,010,0 -
, -
-
-

+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+-------+--------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12

L , = -21
f 2) -
i L =
+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+
-15
L , 3) -
f -
i

4)
+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+-------+ -
, 7.8
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


________________-3
( )



   --------------T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T-------T---------------------

0,0630,1250,250,51,02,0 -
, -
-
-

+-------------+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+-------+---------------------+
1) L = L + 9 =
, %
+-------------+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+ 0
, % 2) -



3)

, %,

:
______
/2 2
/U + U
\/ 2 3
= ---------- 100
+-------------+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+-------+ U
, 7.9 1
L--------------------------------------------------+----------------------




   --------------T--------T------------------T----------------------


,
+-------------+--------+------------------+----------------------+
-
, %
+-------------+--------+
, %
+-------------+--------+------------------+
, 7.10
L-----------------------------------------+-----------------------


________________-4
( )



   -----------------------T------------------T----------------------



+----------------T-----+------------------+----------------------+
1) = L - L
L ,
2)
+----------------+-----+ -

,

+----------------+-----+
,

+----------------+-----+------------------+
, 7.11
L-----------------------------------------+-----------------------


________________-5
( )



   --------------T----T---T---------T-------T-----------------------

0,181,69,0 (6,0) -
, -
-
-

+-------------+----+---+---------+-------+-----------------------+
1) L = L + 9 =

L , 0
2) = L - L
+-------------+----+---+---------+
3)
-
,

+-------------+----+---+---------+ 4) -
, 7 6,4
-
+-------------+----+---+---------+-------+ 6,0
, 7.12
L----------------------------------------+------------------------


________________-6
( )



   -------------T----T----T----T----T----T----T-------T--------------------

- 110011001100110011001100 -
,+150+100+50 -50 -100-150-
-
-

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+-------+--------------------+
1) L = L + 9

L , = 0
2) = L - L
+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+
3) -
-
,

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+
,


+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+-------+
, 7.13
L--------------------------------------------------+---------------------


________________-7
( )



   --------------T---------T-----------T-------T--------------------

-
- -
-
-

+-------------+---------+-----------+-------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12
,
+-------------+---------+-----------+ = -21
, 3) -
-
+-------------+---------+-----------+-------+
, 7.14
L-------------------------------------------+---------------------


-7-8
-480-8



   -------------------T------------------T---------------T----------

- -6 6 -
-

+------------------+------------------+---------------+----------+
-
-
,
+------------------+------------------+
,
+------------------+------------------+---------------+
, 7.15
L-----------------------------------------------------+-----------


2/3-8
-2-8



   ----------------T-T--T---T---T---T---T---T---T---T-----------------T----------T------

-0-5-10-15-21-25-30-35-40 , - -
+-------T---------+-
1,0 0 + -23-23 + -40
+---------------+-+--+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+-------+---------+----------+------+
,

+---------------+-+--+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+-------+---------+----------+
, 7.15
L-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------


2/3-8



   ----------------------------T------T-------T------T---------T--------T-----T-----T----------T------

, +4 0 -4 -10 -20 -28 -38 - -
-

+---------------------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+----------+------+
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
+------------T--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+----------+------+
- -
- ( f =
-0,8 )
-+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
- +1
, - <= +16+15 +/->= 14 +9 +/- 1 +1 +/- 1-9 < -38
0,5 -3
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
-
( f =
6,0 )
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
+1
- <= +16+15 +/->= 14 +9 +/- 1 -1 < -9 < -50
0,5 -3
+------------+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
- -
- ( f =
0,8 )
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
+1
, - <= +16+15 +/->= 14 +13 +/- 1+3 +/- 1-5 < -38
0,5 -3
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
-
( f =
6,0 )
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
+1
- <= +16+15 +/->= 14 +13 +/- 1-3 < -12< -50
0,5 -5
+------------+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
- -
- ( f =
0,8 )
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
+1
, - <= +16+15 +/->= +14>= +14 +7 +/- 1-1 < -38
0,5 -3
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
-
( f =
6,0 )
+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+
+1
- <= +16+15 +/->= +14>= +14 +7 < -15< -50
0,5 -5
+------------+--------------+------+-------+------+---------+--------+-----+-----+----------+
, 7.15
L-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------


-7-9
6/12-9
-480-9



   --------------------T---------------T----------------------------

-

+-------------T-----+---------------+----------------------------+
1) = L - L

L , 2) - -

+-------------+-----+


,

+-------------+-----+
,

+-------------+-----+---------------+
, 7.16
L-----------------------------------+-----------------------------


-7-10
2/3-10
-2-10



   ---------------------------T---------------T---------------------

-

+---------------T----------+---------------+---------------------+
- 1) L = L - 12 =
,
+---------------+----------+ -21
, 2) -
+---------------+----------+---------------+
, 7.18
L------------------------------------------+----------------------


6/12-11
-480-11



   ------------------------T---------------T------------------------

-

+---------------T-------+---------------+------------------------+
- 1) L = L + 9 = 0
L ,
. 2) = L - L
+---------------+-------+
- 3) -
,
.
+---------------+-------+
,
.
+---------------+-------+---------------+
, 7.21
L---------------------------------------+-------------------------


6/12-12
-480-12



   ----------------T-----------T-----------T-----------T-----------T-------T--------------

3 5 5 7 -
-
, f , -
c -
+---------------+----T------+----T------+----T------+----T------+
f f f f f f f f
-
, +----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+-------+--------------+
3 7 5 6 5 1 7 2 1) L = 0
+---------------+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+
-L L L L L L L L 2) =
, fc f fc f fc f fc f .
+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+ L - L
f f
+---------------+----+------+----+------+----+------+----+------+
-
,
.

+---------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-------+
,
.

+---------------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-----------+-------+
, 7.22
L-----------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------


6/12-13
480-13



   ----------------T---------------T---------------T---------------T---------------T-------T--------------

15 17 31 33 -
-
, f , -
c. -

+---------------+--------T------+--------T------+--------T------+--------T------+
f f f f f f f f
- . . . .
, +--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+-------+--------------+
15 1 17 1 31 1 33 1 1) L = 0
+---------------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+
-L L L L L L L L 2) =
, fc. f fc. f fc. f fc. f .
+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+ L -
f.
+---------------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+--------+------+ L
- f
,
.

+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+-------+
,
.

+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+---------------+-------+
, 7.23
L---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------




-0-1 ()
-0-1


__________________________
(, )
__________________________
( )
__________________________
(, )

"__" ______________ .




(, )


,

_________________________
(, )

-0-2 ()
-0-2




   ----------------------------------------------T------------------


+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-0 (), -0
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-1 (), -1
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
- -2 (), -2
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-3 (), -3
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-4 (), -4
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-5 (), -5
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-6
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
,


-
-6 /
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
- -7 /

+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-8 /

L---------------------------------------------+-------------------


-0-3 ()
-0-3




1. .
2. ( , , , , ).
3. , , , .
4. ( , ).
5. .
6. .

-1 ()
-1



   -----------------------T--------------T---------T----------------

L , -
-
+------T-------+
-

-

+-------T--------------+------+-------+---------+----------------+
- 1) L = L -

6,0 12 = -21
+--------------+------+-------+ 2)


- 1 4 ,
-57 -

- 24
-14
+-------+--------------+------+-------+ 3) -ʦ


-
-
-9,5
+--------------+------+-------+

-
- -14
-
-29
-
6,0
+-------+--------------+------+-------+---------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L-----------------------------------------------+-----------------


-2 ()
-2

-

   ---------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T-------T--------------------

0,050,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,05,06,47,08,010,015,0 -
, -


+--------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+-------+--------------------+
1) L = L - 12 =
,
L , -21
f 2) -
i
+--------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+ 3)
-
L ,
f
i
+--------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+-------+
, 7.8
L--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+---------------------


-3 ()
-3



   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T----------T------------------------

0,050,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----------+------------------------+
1) L = L + 9 = 0
, %
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+ 2) - -
, %
3)
,

%,
:
______
/2 2
/U + U
\/ 2 3
= ---------- 100
U
1
4)
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----------+
, 7.9
L--------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------


-4 ()
-4



   -----------------------------T---------------T-------------------

-

+-------------------T--------+---------------+-------------------+
1) = L - L
L ,

+-------------------+--------+ 2) -

,

+-------------------+--------+
,

+-------------------+--------+---------------+
, 7.11
L--------------------------------------------+--------------------


-5 ()
-5



   ------------------T--------T-----------T-----------T-------------

- -
-

+-----------------+--------+-----------+-----------+-------------+
- 1) L = L
,
+-----------------+--------+-----------+ - 12 = -21
,
2)
+-----------------+--------+-----------+-----------+- -
, 7.14
L--------------------------------------------------+--------------


-6



   -------------T----T----T----T----T----T----T----------T--------------------

- 110011001100110011001100 -
,+150+100+50 -50 -100-150

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----------+--------------------+
1) L = L + 9

L , = 0
2) -
+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+

,
,

+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+
,


+------------+----+----+----+----+----+----+----------+
, 7.13
L-----------------------------------------------------+---------------------


,


-6 /

-


   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T-------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+-------------+
L = L -

L , 12 = -21
f (1,2)
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+

L ,
f (1,2)
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.20
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------------


-7 /

-


   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T-------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+-------------+
1) L = L
,
. - 12 = -21
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
, .
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.20
L----------------------------------------------------------------------------+--------------


-8 /




   ---------------T-----T----T-----T----------T---------------------

180 16009000 -
,

+--------------+-----+----+-----+----------+---------------------+
= L - L
L ,



:


+--------------+-----+----+-----+


,

+--------------+-----+----+-----+
,

+--------------+-----+----+-----+----------+
, 7.12
L------------------------------------------+----------------------




-0-1
-0-1


__________________________
(, )
__________________________
( )
__________________________
(, )

"__" ______________ .


()

(, )
,

__________________________
(, )

-0-2
-0-2




   ----------------------------------------------T------------------


+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-0
-0
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-1 ()
-1 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
- -2 ()
-2 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-3 ()
-3 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-4 ()
-4 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
-5 ()
-5 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
,


- -6 ()
-6 ()
+---------------------------------------------+------------------+
- -7 ()
-7 ()
L---------------------------------------------+-------------------


-0-3
-0-3



1. .
2. .
3. , , , .
4. ( ).
5. .
6. .

-1 ()
-1 ()




   ----------------------------T---------------T-------T------------

L , -
-
+----------T----+-
- -

+-----T---------------------+----------+----+-------+------------+
-
:

20- 600 150
.

18-
()

+-----+---------------------+----------+----+

:

64-
.

12-
() -

+-----+---------------------+----------+----+-------+
, 7.5; 7.7
L---------------------------------------------------+-------------


-2 ()
-2 ()

-

   ----------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T---T----T----T-------T-----------------------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,08,010,015,0 -
, -


+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+-------+-----------------------------+
- 1) () -

L , 138 (-15 ).
f 2) -
i R -
+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+
:
L , "0 " R = 600
f
i "6 " R = 60

"15 " R = 150

3) -
R -

:
"2 " R = 35

"6 " R = 60

+---------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+---+----+----+-------+"15 " R = 150
, 7.8
L---------------------------------------------------------------------------+------------------------------


-3 ()
-3 ()



   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T-------T----------------------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,0 -
, -


+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+-------+----------------------------+
1)
, % L = 0
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+
, % 2) -
R -

:
"0 " R = 600

"6 " R = 60

"15 " R = 150

3) -
R -

:
"2 " R = 35

"6 " R = 60

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+-------+"15 " R = 150
, 7.9
L-----------------------------------------------------------+-----------------------------


-4 ()
-4 ()



   -----------------------T----------T------------------------------

-


+-------------T--------+----------+------------------------------+
2) -
L , R -

:
+-------------+--------+ "0 " R = 600

, "6 " R = 60

"15 " R = 150
+-------------+--------+
, 3) -
R -

:
"2 " R = 35

"6 " R = 60

+-------------+--------+----------+"15 " R = 150
, 7.11
L---------------------------------+-------------------------------


-5 ()
-5 ()



   --------------T----T---T---------T----------T--------------------

0,181,69,0 (6,0) -
,

+-------------+----+---+---------+----------+--------------------+
-
0
L , (775 )

+-------------+----+---+---------+


,

+-------------+----+---+---------+
,

+-------------+----+---+---------+----------+
, 7.12
L-------------------------------------------+---------------------


,


-6 /
-6 /

-

   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,010,015,0 - -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+------+


L ,
f (1,2)
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+

L ,
f (1,2)
i
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.19
L------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------


-7 /
-7 /

-

   --------------T----T-----T-----T----T---T---T---T---T----T----T----------T----------------

0,040,0630,1250,250,51,02,04,010,015,0 -
,

+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+----------------+
-
,
. L = 0
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+
, . (775 )
+-------------+----+-----+-----+----+---+---+---+---+----+----+----------+
, 7.20
L------------------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------







()




   ----------------------------------------T------------------------


+---------------------------------------+------------------------+
1. 3-118, 3-121
2. 7-37, 7-38
3. MV-62, 100/
4. - -

5. - 3-63, 3-64
6. (8-14) 8-19
7. 4-56, 4-83
8. (2-28) 2-34
9. (6-9) 6-14
10. (1060)
11. -4101
12. 5-66
13.
14. -33
L---------------------------------------+-------------------------



1. , .
2. , , .






()



[1] /
11172-3

1,5 /

[2] /
468-4

[3] - (
.53 )

[4] -
J.21
15

[5] -
J.22
10

[6] -
J.23

[7] -
605 ,


[8] - :




   ------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------

- , scomm@mail.ru